Tonkin Gulf Resolution

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The Tonkin Gulf Resolution

The Tonkin Gulf Resolution was a Congressional resolution authorizing the President to conduct military operations against the communist government of North Vietnam. Known as the Joint Resolution of Congress H.J. RES 1145[1], the resolution specifically authorized the President "to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression" and stated further that "the United States is, therefore, prepared, as the President determines, to take all necessary steps, including the use of armed force, to assist any member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty requesting assistance in defense of its freedom.

The resolution passed on August 7, 1964 by a vote of 416-0 in the US House[2] and 88-2 in the US Senate[3].


Part III. Essays

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